Mozambique is a country in southeastern Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.
The area was explored by Vasco da Gama in 1498 and colonized by Portugal in 1505. Mozambique became independent in 1975, to which it became the People's Republic of Mozambique shortly after, and was the scene of an intense civil war lasting from 1977 to 1992. The country was named Moçambique by the Portuguese after the Island of Mozambique, derived from Musa Al Big or Mossa Al Bique or Mussa Ben Mbiki, an Arab trader who first visited the island and later lived there.
Time: GMT/UTC+ 2
Population: 19.7 million
Borders: Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe; all borders open
Seasons: Dry (May to November), wet (December to April); during the rains some roads are impassable
Telephone: Country code 258; international access code 00
ATMs: In all major towns
Visa: US$20 to US$70 for 30 days; issued at most border posts
Area: 800, 000 sq km
Money: Metical nova família; US$1 = Mtc25
TOP DESTINATIONS IN MOZAMBIQUE
Bazaruto - tranquil haven
Gorongosa Park - an undiscovered gem
Maputo - city of acacias
Quirimbas - tropical paradise
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